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I Papi e la Pontificia Accademia per la Vita / The Popes and the Pontifical Academy for Life / Discorsi 1994-2020 / Speeches 1994-2020. Italian / English Edition

Curare la Vita. Etica e Tecnologie. 

Robo-Ethics. Humans Machines and Health. Proceedings - XXV General Assembly 2019

The Popes and the Pontifical Academy for Life

Speeches 1994-2020

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From the Preface by His Eminence Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Secretary of State of His Holiness

<This collection will also be helpful for the entire Church and for those who are interested in understanding how faith enlivens an ethical reflection on those previously unknown issues that history submits to us, so we may always face the new responsibilities that they entail. It is also an occasion to express my personal thanks to the Academy for its ongoing service in favour of human life in all of its stages in such a delicate and important frontier for today’s world, for the glory of God, the “Lord of life”>.

 

Curare la Vita

Etica e Tecnologie

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Nascere, vivere, morire sono tre verbi che esprimono altrettanti aspetti fondamentali dell’esistenza, divenuti assai problematici in seguito allo sviluppo della scienza e della tecnica.

Il progresso della pratica medica, la maggiore durata della vita, la complessità delle decisioni che possono intervenire sulla prosecuzione o sulla fine anticipata dell’esistenza suscitano una riflessione per definire i criteri e i limiti (se possono essercene) del progresso e quali criteri adottare per rispettare la dignità di ogni essere umano nelle situazioni problematiche della malattia. Nel dibattito scientifico si sono inseriti i filosofi, i teologi, gli umanisti, dando vita a confronti complessi, a dispute culturali, ideologiche, scientifiche, religiose.
Questo libro si propone di presentare in modo non specialistico i contenuti di una riflessione sulle nuove responsabilità dell’era tecnologica condotta dalla Pontificia Accademia per la Vita, di cui fanno parte 158 esperti nei vari settori delle scienze e delle scienze umane.

Sommario - Introduzione.  1. Nascere.  2. Vivere.  3. Morire.  4. Echi del dibattito.  Conclusione. High tech, low touch?  Per saperne di più.  Indice dei fuori testo.  Indice analitico.

Robo-Ethics

Proceedings XXV General Assembly

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Robo-Ethics. Humans, Machines and Health. Proceedings of the XXV General Assembly. Vatican City, February 25-27, 2019.

"Technology that puts itself at the service of the care for life, refusing to discard it when it does not meet standards of efficiency and wellbeing decided by a machine, is a real blessing. When technology takes power, with our passive complicity, we ourselves become responsible for the loss of that blessing. We must be lords of technology, at the service of life; and not masters of life, subject to technology. This is the covenant that we must seal. The complexity of this discernment is certainly real. It requires a period of careful and open listening and critical understanding of the phenomena that surround us. The tools that we have are,

all in all, not very sophisticated or dependable. Scientific research is an irreplaceable part of this covenant. The hidden pitfall in new technological resources is the great extent of their invisibility. They cannot be perceived physically or mentally by individuals or by the community. They are not large and impressive machines. They are virtual relationships and the results of calculations. Even before they establish connections between humans, these devices connect with each other.

Artificial intelligences, algorithms that can learn, so-called machine learning, and other cognitive computer systems are the vehicles of this revolution. These systems are spreading more and more to every area of our life as in the past steam and electricity changed the way we carried out all our activities. For this reason, closely connected with this meeting, artificial intelligence will be the theme of next year’s workshop. We want to approach this new frontier forcefully and passionately, with as much wide cooperation as possible. To honor, with science and conscience, the task that has been authoritatively entrusted to us".

(From the Opening Address, by Archbishop Vincenzo Paglia)

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Nuove responsabilità nell'era tecnologica. Podcast

Con noi: Fabrizio Mastrofini, giornalista, ufficio stampa della Pontificia accademia per la Vita (PAV) e coautore del testo “Curare la vita”, Edizioni Dehoniane Bologna; Padre Carlo Casalone sj, medico e accademico della PAV; Arcivescovo Vincenzo Paglia, presidente della PAV. Conduce: Fabio Colagrande