FROM 2019 to 2020 - 2019: ROBOETHICS, 2020: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The central themes of the international discussion about robots and “artificial intelligence” are:
- the defense of the physical integrity and dignity of man by applying the principle of beneficence, nonmaleficence;
- proportionality with regards to the risk/benefit balance (minimization of the damages to man in the design, experimentation, and use of robots);
- the limits of the so called “autonomy” of the robots and AI (robots as “moral agents” and the “moral states” of robots);
- the problems of the interactions of man and machine (avoiding substitution of man and focus on the valorizing irreplaceable human skills, and avoiding technological and psychological dependence on machines);
- the re-thinking of the idea of responsibility (introduction of the notion of a shared responsibility between constructors, project designers, designers, vendors, and users);
- Justice (avoid the “Robotic divide”, guaranteeing equal access to the opportunities opened by technology);
- informing and forming of citizens with a democratic promotion of a public debate on the topic;
- and finally, a shared governance and transparency with the new technologies.
The 2020 conference intends, within the context of the international discussion, to identify the specificity of the Catholic point of view on the argument, with particular attention to the concept of the “electronic person” and the value and limits of the autonomy and responsibility of man in the era of the artificialisation of the body and intelligence.